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Hexagonal Chess with 169 hexes

C'escacs is a Capablanca's variant of the Glinski's Hexagonal Chess.


Besides the Orthodox Chess pieces, you need a Dragon (Chancellor), two Pegasus (Cardinals), a Bishop, a Pawn and two Almogavars for each player. Hex pieces move differently than those of Orthodox Chess, but their moves are arguably similar.

Hexagonal Chess somewhat strains the familiar concepts of orthogonal and diagonal moves. For the purpose of this writing, these terms will assume the following meanings:

Orthogonal move
A move wherein a line piece exits one hex and enters another by crossing a common border. Orthogonal moves are never colorbound.
Diagonal move
A move wherein a line piece exits one hex and enters another by following the line which connects their nearest corners.* Diagonal moves are always colorbound.

*This move is not incumbered by pieces lying to the right or the left of the thin line of travel. Pieces crowding the line are simply passed over.

Rook moves
Bishop moves

Queen moves
King moves

Knight moves
Almogavar moves
Almogavar (no known reference)
Ferz + Dabbabah (war machine)

Dragon (Chancellor) moves
Dragon (Capablanca's Chancellor)
Rook + Knight
Pegasus (Cardinal) moves
Pegasus (Capablanca's Cardinal)
(Cardinal, Princess)
Bishop + Knight

Pawn has three forward moves and moves to capture with a forward diagonal move.
Pawn: initial two-step or three-step move option.

There are two special moves for a pawn capturing an other pawn:

In the section rules are explained in detail the movements.

The Pawn can move passively orthogonal forward (stright forward or 60° to the right or left of straight forward), or move to capture with a forward diagonal move.

When a pawn is on an initial hex it can move up to three hexes on any orthogonal forward direction.

Finally there is an unorthodox castling. In this movement the king makes a horse move, ie it's a combination of the modern concept of Castling with the historical Chaturanga, the most ancient chess known, which allows the king to make a single knight move along the game. Unlike the orthodox chess castling is seldom used in a match and is anecdotal, but eventually may be useful.