Hexagonal Chess with 169 hexes

C'escacs is a Capablanca's variant of the Glinski's Hexagonal Chess.


Over the years a number of variants have been proposed for boards featuring hexagonally shaped cells (commonly called hexes). The most popular of these is Hexagonal Chess which was invented in 1936 by Wladyslaw Glinski of Poland. See Glinski's hexagonal chess.

C'escacs uses a bigger board and some new pieces are introduced, something like an hexagonal Capablanca's chess variant.

The pawn capturing moves are the main difference between Glinski's hexagonal chess and Dave McCooey's hexagonal chess variant; Pawn's captures are done with a diagonal move on C'escacs, just like on Dave McCooey's hexagonal chess variant, but Pawns increments its mobility and all three forward directions are allowed on C'escacs.

On the need of counterbalancing the Pawns' excessive mobility a new rule is added: the rule of the scornful pawn capture.

The board size is large for the number of Pawns, which is offset by their greater mobility and two Almogavars, slow pieces accompanying the horses. And is that horses also suffer from the size of the board; although its power is equivalent to the traditional chess, they require many movements to cross the board (over four side by side). Curiously (logically) that even translates into a loss of potency from hex Glinski chess, with board of smaller dimensions (91 hexes), since two horses are not able to mate a lone king but they can do it on that.

As usual in the hexagonal chess, three Bishops cover three colors of the board. The bishop is therefore a piece degraded and of much less power than on traditional chess, but no less important when considering the nature slow of the horses.

The Dragon is a Rook-Knight compound. It was introduced by Capablanca with the name of Chancellor on orthodox chess; C'escacs uses its hexagonal variant.

Pegasus is a Bishop-Knight compound. It was also introduced by Capablanca on orthodox chess, and named it Cardinal. Its hexagonal variant used on C'escacs is slightly weaker compared to the orthodox chess one, as hexagonal Bishops have much less power.

Almogavar is a Ferz - Dabbabah (war machine) compound. Neither of these can move all the board: the Ferz always moves in color, as the Bishop, and Dabbabah is restricted to odd or even hexes depending on its initial hex, because it makes jumps of 2 in 2. However, the Almogavars, by combining the two movements, have access all over the board.

The almogavars (Wikipedia) were the shock troops of the Crown of Aragon and made their most important feats in the East, mainly in the Byzantine Empire during the fourteenth century.

An other interesting gesture is castle. On that move the king does one knight move, that is to say the modern concept of castle is combined with the historical move of Chaturanga's Chess, the most ancient chess known, which allows the king to make a single knight move along the game. Unlike the orthodox chess castling is seldom used in a match and is anecdotal, but eventually may be useful.

C'escacs matches are extremely long, hardly less than 1 hour and usual that lasted for more than three.

Orthogonal move
A move wherein a line piece exits one hex and enters another by crossing a common border. Orthogonal moves are never colorbound.
Diagonal move
A move wherein a line piece exits one hex and enters another by following the line which connects their nearest corners.* Diagonal moves are always colorbound.

*This move is not incumbered by pieces lying to the right or the left of the thin line of travel. Pieces crowding the line are simply passed over.

I've used Alfarie Variant Chess Graphics, and the Minister piece symbol for Almogavar.